Mesothelioma Cancer Centers
Tissue Biopsy Diagnosis of Primary Lung Cancer
There are four main types of Asbestos lung cancer divided into non-small cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma. Roughly 80% of lung cancers fall under the non-small cell umbrella, including adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and large cell carcinoma. The second primary type of asbestos lung cancer (at around 20%) is small cell carcinoma.
How is the Exact Lung Cancer Cell Type Diagnosed?
The exact cell type of lung cancer is diagnosed by a tissue biopsy performed with a large needle or endoscope or by studying the cytology of fluid removed from the lung.
A pathologist will review the tissue and utilize different chemicals and enzymes to reveal its immunohistochemical properties. Each tissue profile will be matched to lung cancer, Mesothelioma, or may come back as benign (non-cancerous).